# KS4. Algebra & Graphs. Interpreting Graphs

Distance-time (or “travel) graphs

Sometimes we use graphs with an x-axis and a y-axis to do calculations in mathematics. Sometimes we use graphs with time along a horizontal axis and distance along a vertical axis to represent a journey. We need to be able to read information from these kind of graphs and if necessary to add more detail to them

Examples

We should be aware that on a distance-time graph, the gradient of the graph tells us the speed (always be careful with units though -> if we want speed in km/h we must check that the distance is in kilometres and the time is in hours).

Exercise

Let’s complete exercise 8 on pages 232 to 235 of the core textbook:

The answers are below:

Sketch Graphs

Sometimes in mathematics we need graphs to be extremely accurate. At other times we are only interested in their general shape and some of their key features. In these cases instead of drawing a graph, we talk about sketching a graph:

Let’s try the following exercise (exercise 10 on pages 239 to 240 of the core textbook) to see if we can answer questions from graphs that are drawn as sketches:

The answers are below:

Extension work: Speed-Time graphs

Instead of plotting distance against time with distance on our vertical axis, it is sometimes useful to plot speed against time, with speed on our vertical axis. In this case the gradient of the graphs indicates acceleration and the area under the graph indicates distance travelled.

Read through the example below, and then try exercises 14 and 15 from pages 263 to 266 of the extended textbook:

Exercise

The answers are below: